How IoT Devices Can Digitally Transform Third World Countries?

The IoT or Internet of Things is a system of interrelated devices that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. So, an IoT device is everything that continuously monitors and sends data, thus automating some kind of task.

These devices can interconnect different industries, institutes, and centers; enabling them to monitor each and every part of the country. By doing so, IoT can transform third world countries by upgrading and refining their agriculture, energy production, power consumption, industries and much more.

Let’s consider how IoT devices can be helpful in different spheres of life in third world countries:


In agro-based economies, IoT devices can be used to monitor moisture and nutrient content of soil and atmosphere, thus ensuring optimal use of water and fertilizer. This can help farmers and improve plant conditions, which will yield more profit in local or foreign trade, ultimately leveraging the country’s economy. Livestock businesses can make use of IoT in a similar way.


IoT also has a number of applications in industrial economies. Factories can be connected together to be more productive and efficient. Also, data can be collected about the performance of the machine and systems. This enables factory operators to not only see when a piece of machinery may need repair, but it also gives insight on how to make the entire system work more efficiently.


Connecting the healthcare industry means not only more efficient business but can mean better service for the patient. For example, by connecting an MRI machine or other medical devices up to the internet, hospital staff can get alerts for when repairs are needed. Networked sensors could help improve the supply of vaccines by indicating whether the cold chain has been interrupted and whether the vaccine has been rendered unusable.


Energy production (utilities) and Energy consumption (users) can both benefit from IoT devices. Smart meters are basically electronic devices that keep track of a customer's energy usage and are able to communicate with the utility company's central system, making the business efficient. Sensors can cut energy use dramatically by simply monitoring the lighting and temperature when the building is not being used, heavily impacting energy consumption.

Living conditions:

Living conditions in third world countries can improve a lot by use of IoT. One example is sanitation, IoT devices can improve the condition by monitoring critical water, sanitation and health equipment. Connected sensors can easily alarm if any equipment needs maintenance.

Disaster control:

IoT devices can be used to continually relay Real-time data on ground and water movements, so a tsunami warning is given to those in danger, if necessary. By monitoring walls conditions, a buildings’ age can be estimated and decided when it needs renovation and also to know its durability in case of Earthquakes.


Sensors and smart software can be used in a semi-truck or public bus to collect data that can be used to help the driver operate the vehicle in a manner that helps save fuel. By connecting shipping vehicles with sensors to monitor temperature, companies can help ensure goods, especially food, arrive in a safe condition.

All these examples show how IoT devices can monitor and send data for the betterment of people ultimately leading to easy development in third world countries. If these devices are used extensively for sending and receiving data from every part of the country, they can bring revolutionary progress.

For example, if there is a center for Agriculture located somewhere in a country. IoT devices are deployed in all agricultural areas and they report about weather conditions and productivity rates; instructions and aids could be given to lacking areas. Also, agriculture sphere of the country could be centralized and trade could be more effective. If all domains of life are monitored this way, a true digital transformation would set-in. This will leverage the economy, providence and living conditions of third world countries.

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